With over 1228 historical artworks from the Benin Kingdom, Germany owns the most in the world after Great Britain. With a total of 96 courtly artworks, the RJM preserves the fourth largest collection in Germany, after Berlin, Saxony, and Hamburg. The 96 court artworks of the RJM entered the collection between 1899 and 1967 as donations and purchases. It is considered safe to say that all of them belong to the works looted from the Royal Palace of Benin by the British Army in February 1897. The oldest are dated to the period between the 16th and 17th centuries, the majority to the mid-18th century until 1897. 75 of the RJM’s 96 Benin artworks were acquired in auction houses in London and donated to the City of Cologne before 1907 by the Rautenstrauch family, patron, and the museum’s namesake.